Glutathione and Liposomes
What is Glutathione?
Glutathione is a Tripeptide
A peptide is a naturally occurring protein. Glutathione is a very small tripeptide composed of three amino acids: glycine, glutamine and cysteine. It is made in every cell in the body.
The diagram shows a GSH molecule; the yellow sphere represents a sulfur atom which explains why GSH has a distinct aroma. It may smell a little like rotten eggs, but sulfur plays a major role in glutathione’s antioxidant and detoxification functions.
Glutathione Functions to:
Neutralize and Remove Toxins - It binds with pollutants and toxins that can then be excreted through urine or bile.
Protect cells against free radicals, viruses, bacteria - It is capable of preventing damage to important cellular components caused by reactive oxygen species such as free radicals, peroxides, and heavy metals.
Enhance immune function - For immune cells to be healthy and active they need GSH
A Great Detoxifier
Your liver harbors the most concentrated source of glutathione because it is the organ of detoxification. Your body uses it to protect you from pollution, radiation, drugs, carcinogenic chemicals and heavy metals.
Modern living even exposes us to toxins in our water and food. Dealing with this onslaught is especially difficult for people with certain neurological conditions such as autism, because they have difficulty ridding their bodies of toxins.
Diet may help boost your GSH levels since some is found in almost all fruits and vegetables: watermelon, asparagus, garlic, onions, cauliflower, spinach, broccoli and other members of the cabbage family.
Avocados are especially high in glutathione; one 3.5-ounce serving contains approximately 31 milligrams. In comparison, one teaspoon of Liposomal Glutathione contains more than 400 milligrams.
Invisible to us, Liposomes are about 1/2 the width of a human hair. They have a fat-soluble exterior and an interior that is watery. This watery interior can combine with water soluble materials such as glutathione.
They are made from the same type of material as our cell membranes, phospholipids. These phospholipids are derived from lecithin, which comes from oil extracted from non-GMO soy, not soy protein. Soy allergies typically come from the protein.
Their unique structure allows them to encapsulate biologically active ingredients. In this case they keep glutathione in its “reduced”, or biologically active state. They are very stable, which allows for use in an oral drink.
How they work
Because they are made of the same type of material as our cell membranes, liposomes penetrate mucosal tissues allowing for rapid release into the blood stream. Nutrients that are not contained in liposomes have to pass through the stomach to reach the liver where they are metabolized and released into the bloodstream. Some of these nutrients are destroyed or compromised by stomach acids.
A scientific article published in 1965 in the Journal of Molecular Biology (Bangham, A.D.et al) described these vesicles for the first time and explained their similarity to human membranes. Since that time they have been the subject of great interest and study. Because of their adaptability, liposomes have a wide range of applications – from delivering anti-cancer drugs to providing gene therapy and skin care. To date, more than 35,000 articles have been published in scientific journals regarding liposomes.